The Differences Between Tokens and Coins

Some individuals use the term "coin" as "tokens," while others use the term "token" as "coins." However, there are significant distinctions between coins and tokens. Let's look at the differences between the two in terms of technology, economic value, how they are made, and their functions.More will be discussed in the following article.
February 17, 2022

At some point in cryptocurrency , almost everyone has mixed up a token with a coin. On a fundamental level, a coin and a token are extremely similar. They both represent value and have the ability to accept payments. Coins can be exchanged for tokens and vice versa. The fundamental distinction between these two is their utility. You can accomplish things with tokens that you can't do with coins. Some marketplaces, on the other hand, will only accept coins rather than tokens. 

It's analogous to the distinction between traders and investors: all traders invest, but not all investors trade. It's worth noting that the majority of cryptocurrency users possess both coins and tokens. For that, let's look at the differences between coins and tokens. Let's look at the differences between the two in terms of technology, economic value, how they are made, and the function of the two.


  • Coins are digital assets with their own blockchain. Each cryptocurrency, as previously said, has its own blockchain, which is a digital database of transactions. This blockchain would not be complete without the currency. While coins can be traded with other people, their value is maintained throughout exchanges. This means you can buy coins on one exchange, transfer them to another, and sell them all without losing money. 

  • Tokens, unlike coins, token do not run on its own blockchain. Instead, it uses the blockchains of other crypto coins, such as Ethereum. BAT, BNT, Tether, and numerous stablecoins like the USDC are some of the most regularly encountered tokens on Ethereum. Tokens rely on smart contracts if crypto currency transactions are managed by blockchain. They're a set of codes that allow users to trade or pay one other. A smart contract is used by each blockchain. ERC-20 is used by Ethereum, and Nep-5 is used by NEO. A token is physically moved from one location to another when it is spent. The trading of NFTs is a fantastic example of this (non-fungible tokens.) Because they are one-of-a-kind, any changes in ownership must be handled manually.

Tokens are generated on top of an existing blockchain, while coins are built on their own blockchain. Coins, on the other hand, do not require other resources to back their worth; tokens, on the other hand, rely on the availability of external resources.

Economics Value

  • Coins: The interaction of supply and demand, as well as the expectation of future pricing, determines the price of Bitcoin, as it does most other commodities on the market. In the case of cryptocurrencies, the pricing is purely determined by market dynamics. Bitcoin's supply is still rising, albeit at a slower pace, due to both the creator's artificial limit on the number of Bitcoins that may be mined and the fact that mining the cryptocurrency is costly and resource-intensive. Bitcoin, on the other hand, has a lot more variable demand. As the cryptocurrency gained popularity and stories of people investing early and making a fortune spread throughout the world, the demand for Bitcoin surged tremendously.

This rising popularity is linked to another factor that influences Bitcoin prices: the price anticipation for the future. If the market believes Bitcoin's price will rise in the future, it will be prepared to pay more for it now. On the other hand, if the market expects the price to fall in the future, more individuals will sell cryptocurrencies now, when the price is greater than it might be later. They will accept a lesser price when selling than they would normally because they expect the future price to be even lower.

  • Tokens: Cryptocurrency tokens are one of today's most significant technologies. While the world accepts cryptocurrencies as a form of payment, crypto tokens will give frictionless markets to the world. On the blockchain, tokens represent or create a specific asset. People may easily trade any asset in the world using tokenized assets without the need for an arbitrator. This creates a frictionless market and removes many of the system's restrictions. Integrations can be decentralized with the use of tokens. We also don't need to develop any specific channels or define any criteria.
  • Tokens play a critical role in making payments more convenient and safe.
  • Tokens have value and may be exchanged, but they are most significantly actual assets.
  • Tokens are useful in every area and solve the problem of owning various assets, from investment to storing value and trade.

Venture capital is one area that is/will benefit from security tokens - a market that is still relatively exclusive for a variety of reasons, including a lack of liquidity and the time it takes to see a return on investment. One must generally invest large sums of money, but because of blockchain and tokenization, the market is now open to every Tom, Dick, and Harry who can invest tiny amounts. Isn't it true that with so many new investors experimenting with such modest percentages of digital shares, venture capital firms will have more work to do? Security tokens, on the other hand, simplify the entire procedure from a regulatory to an operational aspect.

How They Made

  • Coins: A competitive and decentralized procedure known as "mining" is used to create new bitcoins. Individuals are rewarded by the network for their services in this process. Bitcoin miners use specialized hardware to process transactions and secure the network while also gathering new bitcoins. The Bitcoin protocol is set up such that new bitcoins are generated at a set rate. As a result, Bitcoin mining is a highly competitive industry. As more miners join the network, making a profit becomes more difficult, and miners must seek efficiency to reduce their operating expenses. No central authority or developer has the power to manipulate or manage the system in order to increase revenues. Anything that does not follow the rules that every Bitcoin node in the world expects the system to follow will be rejected.

Bitcoins are created at a predictable and decreasing rate. The amount of new bitcoins created each year is automatically decreased over time until the total number of bitcoins in existence reaches 21 million. Bitcoin miners will most likely be supported solely by a large number of tiny transaction fees at this time.

  • Tokens: Tokens are created in decentralized apps (dApps) based on a blockchain that uses smart contracts, such as Ethereum. The user receives an allocated amount of tokens after funding a smart contract with the blockchain's native coin, allowing them to interact with the dApp. The dApp that received the coin in return for its tokens will use the extra funds to expand its service. Tokens are utilized as a medium of trade and frequently reflect some type of value for usage within or concerning the dApp that issued them. 

Anyone who runs a dApp can design and distribute bespoke tokens for usage within it. To produce these tokens, the developer must pay a fee to the miners who validate the tokens in the network's native coin, such as Ether on the Ethereum blockchain. To exchange tokens from peer-to-peer, coins are also necessary. Those that build a token model for their dApp will frequently provide particular ways for users to earn tokens. Users will conduct these behaviors to obtain the desired tokens to spend on their favorite goods and services if the system is well-designed. A well-designed token ecosystem can provide another motivation for consumers to interact with the dApp's service, increasing its value. The advantage of using the token model on an existing blockchain, which requires developers to pay coin fees for the creation and distribution of currencies, is that the blockchain offers structure, upkeep, validations, and security through its enormous network of computers.

According to the definitions of Swiss financial authorities FINMA, there are four different types of tokens, each with the purpose of acquiring money from users spending coins on utilizing the tokens for the dApp at hand. The following are the four definitions of token.

  • Utility Tokens: Utility tokens are used to acquire access to a certain feature of a dApp, such as a specific service or product. Utility tokens are frequently projected to appreciate in value due to their limited availability.
  • Tokens for Payment: Payment tokens are similar to coins in that they are only used to pay for services or goods, but they are more particular in their application.
  • Security/Asset Tokens: These are the tokens created by the initial token sale (ITS), in which customers would put their money to make a profit.
  • Equity Tokens: This is a relatively new type of token at this time, but equity tokens are those that reflect a company's equity or stock.


Coins and Tokens have almost the same function as digital assets but are described in more detail in the following explanation.

  • Coins
  • Asset for Investing

Certain sorts of crypto assets are currently considered investment assets by some crypto asset players. The evolution of Bitcoin is the most clear case in point. Bitcoin is now referred to as "digital gold" by the crypto community and some analysts since it has the same attributes as fiat money as a store of value (Store of Value). The supply, however, is restricted, with only 21 million pieces available. As a result, the value of Bitcoin may rise in the future, and it is seen as a "safe haven" for wealth to be protected against inflation.

  • Gas Fee

Gas refers to the fee, or pricing value, required to successfully transact or execute a contract on the Ethereum blockchain platform. The gas is used to allocate resources of the Ethereum virtual machine (EVM) so that decentralized applications such as smart contracts can self-execute in a secure but decentralized manner. It is priced in small fractions of the cryptocurrency ether (ETH), commonly referred to as gwei and sometimes also called nanoeth. The actual price of gas is controlled by supply and demand between network miners, who can refuse to execute a transaction if the gas price falls below their threshold, and network users looking for processing capacity.

  • Tokens

Tokens, like coins, have the ability to transmit value. Apart from being a payment medium, tokens have a number of other advantages, including.

  • Tokens for security. This is an illustration of actual assets in the real world. Instruments such as securities and bonds, for example.
  • Tokens with usefulness. This digital asset is intended to allow users to purchase products or services through the platform.
  • Stablecoins. Non-fungible Tokens have a value that is connected to a fiat currency, such as the US dollar or Euro. This token is a representation of a one-of-a-kind thing that exists nowhere else in the world.
  • Tokens that are not fungible. This token is a representation of a one-of-a-kind thing that exists nowhere else in the world.
  • Tokens for making payments. In the same way that a digital coin is used to pay for goods and services, this function is used to pay for goods and services.
  • “Votes Method”. In some voting situations, tokens are also employed as "votes." This vote is usually done between users in order to determine protocol upgrades or new policies for decentralized application platforms.


  • The main blockchain network is used to create coins. Tokens are issued by platforms that have been established on top of the blockchain network.
  • Coins can be used to make payment for the use of blockchain networks (gas fee).  Tokens are better suited to a wider range of uses.
  • The creation of coins is more complex than the generation of tokens. This is because currencies are created on a blockchain, whereas tokens are created on top of an existing blockchain.

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Written by Denny Fardian
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